A colorless liquid with a chemical formula CH3CN, Acetonitrile is the simplest organic nitrile. A byproduct of acrylonitrile manufacture, it is mainly used as a polar aprotic solvent in purification of butadiene. Low in acidity, acrylonitrile is used in laboratory as a medium-polarity solvent, which is miscible with water and has a convenient liquid range. Acetonitrile has a dipole moment [disambiguation needed] of 3.84 D and dissolves in a wide range of ionic and non-polar compounds and is extremely useful as a mobile phase in HPLC.
Features of Acetonitrile :
Molecular Weight : 41.05
CAS No. : 75-05-8
Acetone is the organic compound with the formula (CH3)2CO. This colorless, mobile, flammable liquid is the simplest example of the ketones. Owing to the fact that acetone is miscible with water it serves as an important solvent in its own right, typically as the solvent of choice for cleaning purposes in the laboratory.
Synonyms : Dimethylketone; 2-propanone; dimethylketal
CAS No. : 67-64-1
Molecular Weight : 58.08
Chemical Formula: (CH3)2CO
It is widely used as an organic solvent.
N-Dimethylformamide is the organic compound with the formula (CH3)2NC(O)H. Commonly abbreviated DMF (though this acronym is sometimes used for dimethylfuran), this colourless liquid is miscible with water and the majority of organic liquids. DMF is a common solvent for chemical reactions. Pure dimethylformamide is odorless whereas technical grade or degraded dimethylformamide often has a fishy smell due to impurity of dimethylamine. Its name is derived from the fact that it is a derivative of formamide, the amide of formic acid.
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